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Dulce María Mariscal Nava

Ph.D. Candidate in Global Development Studies, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Dulce María Mariscal Nava

Residency: September 2022 – December 2022

Research Project: Migratory Trajectories of Central Americans, Haitians, and Mexicans in the Migrant Camp in Tijuana

Research interest: international migration, education, mental health

Dulce Mariscal is a Ph.D. candidate in global development studies at Autonomous University of Baja California. Her research primarily focuses on migratory trajectories, international migration, and immigration policies in the context of the migrant camp El Chaparral in Tijuana, Mexico. Her dissertation asks: Why were the migrants' journeys through Mexican territory so long? What were the reasons for ending up in the migrant camp? Her research project aims to explain how migratory trajectories are shaped by the immigration policies and how migrants who are looking for asylum, or under the program, are affected by these policies.  

During eight months of fieldwork, Mariscal was able to observe that migrants faced big challenges regarding violence and crime in Tijuana. Their trajectories were vital to lead them to the migrant camp and were different depending on their nationality and economic and social resources.

Mariscal´s methodology combines a descriptive statistical analysis of three migrant diasporas and in-depth qualitative interviews of almost 60 migrants and non-governmental organization (NGO) actors in the migrant camp in Tijuana.